Bitcoin Mining Terms You Should Know

Bitcoin Mining Terms You Should Know

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Whether experts or beginners, all enthusiasts encounter the same terms that are common to Bitcoins. Some people already know what all of the terms mean. But others always hardly understand or know some terms that are always commonly used in relation to bitcoin mining. This article has been written to explain some of the most used and common terms in a language that is simple to understand.


A bitcoin address is like an email or a physical address. It’s the single information required to be paid with the crypto-currency. Nevertheless, a vital difference though is that each address must only be used for a single transaction.


This is any record in a blockchain that contains and validates several waiting transactions. On average, a new block comprising transactions is added to the blockchain via mining roughly every ten minutes.


This is a chronologically ordered record of Bitcoins transactions that is always available to the public. It is shared among all users. It’s utilized in verifying the performance of bitcoin transactions and to safeguard against double spending.

Block Height

This is the number of blocks in a blockchain that is connected. For example, height0 will mean a first block which is also called the genesis block sometimes.


This means that the network has validated a bitcoins transaction, through the process that’s called mining. A transaction can never be double-spent or reversed once it has been validated. Transactions are contained in blocks.



This relates directly to mining, and how hard validating any networks blocks can be. The mining difficulty involved in verifying blocks is adjusted after every 2016 bitcoin blocks. It is also automatically adjusted to maintain block validation times at ten minutes.

Double Spend Bitcoins Transaction

Double spend is when any malicious user attempts to spend bitcoins to two varying recipients simultaneously. Mining and blockchains are there to generate a consensus across the network concerning which among the two transactions will be confirmed and taken to be valid.


Having a finite supply makes bitcoins scarce. 21 million is the total amount that will get issued ever. The number created per block is reduced by fifty percent every four years. This is what is referred to as ’halving’. 2140 is the year in which the last halving will occur.


This is a network’s processing power’s unit of measurement. Networks must execute intensive mathematical operations for the purpose of security. When a network reaches a hashrate of 10 TH/s, it can execute ten trillion calculations every second.



This is the process of utilizing computer hardware to execute the network’s mathematical calculations so transactions can be confirmed. Miners take fees for any transactions they confirm and they are given bitcoins for every block that they verify.

Private Key

This is a data string which verifies that a user can access bitcoins contained in a particular wallet. Think of it as a strong password; they mustn’t be known by anybody else but you, since they via a cryptographic signature, enable you to spend from your bitcoin wallet.

There are many other terms that didn’t make this list. But if you know even these ones only, you will surely understand what bitcoins mining is all about a lot more.

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